Airman: Jurnal Teknik dan Keselamatan Transportasi <p><strong>Airman: Jurnal Teknik dan Keselamatan Transportasi</strong> publishes scientific papers on research results and literature reviews in the fields of education, aircraft technology, airport management and operations, air law, transportation mode technology, facilities and infrastructure technology, information and communication technology, safety and security transportation, human resource development for transportation, as well as innovative teaching and learning.</p> <p>The journal also publishes academic articles acknowledging successful learning. Cooperate effectively between students, study programs, community institutions, administrators, disciplines, and others.</p> <p><strong>Airman </strong>accepts articles from 1) Research originating from or campus-community partnerships; 2) Research co-written by study programs, students, and/or community partners; 3) Comment on emerging trends, developments, and/or challenges.</p> <p>The publication of this journal aims to disseminate conceptual thoughts or ideas and research results obtained in the fields of Education, Technology, Transportation, and Science.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <h2><a href=""><img src="" alt="" width="88" height="31" /></a></h2> <p>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a>.</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> Politeknik Penerbangan Makassar en-US Airman: Jurnal Teknik dan Keselamatan Transportasi 2622-0105 Analisis Struktur Green Concrete Gedung Bertingkat 2 Lantai di Bandara Berbasis Aplikasi SAP 2000 V22 <p><em>Waste is the residue of daily human activities. Waste tends to be able to cause ecological crises and trigger the development of diseases in humans. Therefore, waste needs to be recycled, especially inorganic waste. The current waste recycling process can be used as an aggregate replacement building material, and several tests have been carried out is green concrete. Experimentally, green concrete has been tested with results when replacing 5% fine aggregate has a percentage of concrete strength of 97.4% against normal concrete. Green concrete needs to be structurally analyzed before being tested in manufacturing simple-level buildings. The analysis process is carried out with the SAP 2000 V22 application as a simulator of structural behavior based on parameters related to green concrete. This analysis aims to evaluate the accuracy of reliability, and performance of the building structure. This study uses the LRFD (Load and Resistance Factor Design) method to determine the load received by the structure by considering the resistance factor of the material used. The results of this study show that the three simulations of concrete data with compressive strengths of 17 Mpa, 19 Mpa, and 20 Mpa have no structural irregularities and are safe to use. However, using 19 Mpa and 20 Mpa structural concrete is still recommended. This is because the mechanical characteristics of concrete are not only determined by compressive strength, but there are other factors, such as flexural strength, shear strength, modulus of elasticity, and other physical properties.</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: Green Concrete; LRFD; Inorganic Waste; SAP 2000 V22</em></p> Viktor Suryan Virma Septiani Evandri Paulus Silitonga Putu Wisnu Ardia Chandra Copyright (c) 2023 Airman: Jurnal Teknik dan Keselamatan Transportasi 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 6 2 61 77 10.46509/ajtk.v6i2.417 The design of the Padang Online Parking Stand Information System (POSTAND) in Air Traffic Services <p><em>The inefficient management of the parking stand information system affects the smooth service of flight traffic at an airport. This study aims to produce a design of a parking stand information system at Minangkabau International Airport. The information system designed utilizes desktop-based information technology using the </em>RAD <em>(Rapid Application Development) methodology. This methodology was chosen to facilitate the gradual design of the system, and can be used to increase or decrease the system being designed. In this study, only two stages in the </em>RAD<em> methodology were used, namely requirement planning and user interface. Furthermore, in the requirements planning stage, it will be model with use case diagrams and user interface design using the Figma application. This design is expected to facilitate Apron Movement Control </em>(AMC)<em> and Air Traffic Controller </em>(ATC)<em> officers in carrying out their duties, especially in terms of determining and providing parking stand information</em></p> Sylvia Ulfa Tiara Sylvia Nisa Azhari Saragih Copyright (c) 2023 Airman: Jurnal Teknik dan Keselamatan Transportasi 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 6 2 78 96 10.46509/ajtk.v6i2.339 The Influence of Safety Promotion on Work Safety Personnel at PT. Rekatama Putra Gegana Aviation Bandung <p style="font-weight: 400;"><em>The Implementing a safety management system that focuses on safety promotion is important for organizations to reduce hazards and improve work safety. However, PT. Rekatama Putra Gegana Aviation has not been optimal in implementing the safety management system, especially safety promotion. This research aims to analyze the effect of safety promotion on work safety at PT. Rekatama Putra Gegana Aviation using quantitative methods with simple linear regression analysis. This research was conducted from February to July 2023 with a population of all workers and a sample of 36 respondents. The data collection technique used in this research was a questionnaire that was distributed to respondents. The results showed a positive relationship between safety promotion and work safety, with a correlation coefficient of 0.808. The safety promotion variable has an influence of 65.2% on work safety based on the R square value of 0.625. The simple linear regression equation found is Y = 7.602 + 0.538X, where a is the constant 7.602 and b is the regression coefficient 0.538.</em></p> Dwi Lestary Dody Herdianto Bhima Shakti Arrafat Roselline Piere Copyright (c) 2023 Airman: Jurnal Teknik dan Keselamatan Transportasi 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 6 2 97 107 10.46509/ajtk.v6i2.396 Design and Construction of a Cubicle Control System on Medium Voltage Panels Using a Programmable Logic Controller <p><em>Cubicle is an electrical device that functions to control, connect and protect as well as divide electricity from electric power sources. The cubicle control system is connected to a programmable logic controller (PLC) with a graphical user interface (GUI) based on Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) and uses the Vijeo Citect program. Com ethernet is used as data communication between PLC and SCADA. The working principle of this monitoring system is that the PLC receives commands sent by the technician via the computer, the cubicle conditions are described in graphical form in the form of a circuit to make it easier for users to operate. If the user presses the circuit to open, the PLC receives a logic command "High", then the PLC orders the cubicle to open, and vice versa, if the user presses the circuit to close, it means that the PLC receives a logic command "low", the PLC orders the cubicle to be closed. Because the command given comes from the user, a light indicator is used to ensure that the cubicle is in open/close condition. In the experiment, it was found that when the user presses the open button, the green light indicator will light up and when the close button is pressed, the red light indicator will light up and on the computer screen you will see the position of the circuit in open/close condition. The experimental results show that the cubicle control system built has been in accordance with the orders executed and the control system has been running well</em></p> Rossi Peter Simanjuntak Susi Diriyanti Novalina Rahman Aulia Copyright (c) 2023 Airman: Jurnal Teknik dan Keselamatan Transportasi 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 6 2 108 119 10.46509/ajtk.v6i2.322 Design of a Global System for Mobile Communication Signal Blocking Tool at Vocational Higher Education <p><em>The use of communication devices is highly essential to support the activities of the entire academic community of Makassar Polytechnic Flight School. However, on the other hand, improper usage can lead to issues, necessitating regulation and control of usage in specific places and times where users are required to deactivate or cease operating such devices. </em><em>The objective of this research is to design a flexible signal-blocking device, determine the level of necessity for jammer devices, and assess the utilization level and ease of use of jammers. This research is of a developmental type with a quantitative approach, aimed at creating new products and testing them using respondent categorization methods through instruments to gather information about the necessity, utilization, and usage of jammer devices at Makassar Polytechnic Flight School.</em></p> <p><em>The results of jammer testing with Telkomsel as the service provider showed that the average network signal would be lost for 5 seconds simultaneously within a range of 1 - 4 meters using Samsung, iPhone, Realme, and Vivo mobile phones. Network signal disruption timing varies across smartphones based on the provider, with Smartfren requiring 6 seconds at a 1-meter range, Indosat needing 6 seconds at a 3-meter range, and XL's network signal disruption being automatic in relation to the time needed for the network to disappear once the jammer device is activated.</em></p> Muhammad Agung Raharjo Fatmawati Sabur Rahmat Hidayat Copyright (c) 2023 Airman: Jurnal Teknik dan Keselamatan Transportasi 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 6 2 120 130 10.46509/ajtk.v6i2.376 Evaluation of Runway Safety 06/24 Using a Skiddometer at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport in an Effort to Improve Learning on Airport Airside Infrastructure Maintenance <p><em>In the world of aviation there is a term that is upheld, namely "Zero Error" where even small errors are not allowed. One of the safety factors in aviation is the roughness of a runway. More aircraft operating, more rubber deposits on the runway. This causes the runway become slippery so the plane can skid because the brakes cannot work effectively. To avoid the risk of accidents that occur, it is necessary to check the roughness of the runway on a regular basis. There are several methods that can be used to check the roughness of the runway, in this journal we will discuss using a skiddometer.</em></p> Suse Lamtiar Wahyu Dwi A M. Zhabri Gaffari D. Risqi Wahyu Jati Utama Copyright (c) 2023 Airman: Jurnal Teknik dan Keselamatan Transportasi 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 6 2 131 142 10.46509/ajtk.v6i2.410 Development of Textbooks for Aeronautical Telecommunication Courses at Makassar Aviation Polytechnic <p>Quality education is an essential requirement for a country to produce adaptable human resources in the face of changing times. Changes in the concept of education affect teaching methods in higher education institutions, including the Makassar Flight Polytechnic, which operates under the Air Transportation Human Resources Development Center (PPSDMPU). Although the PPSDMPU oversees various educational units such as the Flight Polytechnics in Surabaya, Medan, Jayapura, Palembang, Curug, and others, differences in curriculum implementation occur within the PPSDMPU framework. This study employs the Research and Development (RnD) approach with the ADDIE model to develop teaching materials for the Aeronautical Telecommunication course. Data analysis from instructors and students at the Makassar and Curug Flight Polytechnics indicates differences in Semester Learning Plans (RPS) and teaching methods. Questionnaire results reveal that instructors employ diverse teaching methods, but not all provide materials through textbooks. Instructors generally rely on practical experience and relevant literature. These findings underscore the need for harmonizing teaching materials among Flight Polytechnics, as well as the importance of more structured and tailored teaching material guidelines. Therefore, the author develops a guidebook for the Aeronautical Telecommunication course, with the aim of enhancing consistency in learning and achieving desired educational objectives.</p> Julfansyah Margolang Ahmad Sulaiman Ida Umboro Wahyu Nur Wening Copyright (c) 2023 Airman: Jurnal Teknik dan Keselamatan Transportasi 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 6 2 143 152 10.46509/ajtk.v6i2.387 Kajian Release Time 25 Nautica Miles Runway 34 di Airnav Cabang Palangka Raya <p><em>Tjilik Riwut Airport provides aviation traffic services, namely Aerodrome Control Tower (ADC) and Approach Control Procedure (APP). This airport is one of the connecting airports for the pioneer airports in the vicinity. In providing services, the primary approach used for Runway 34 is Instrument Landing System (ILS) and straight-in approach. During observations at Airnav Palangka Raya Branch, a problem was found that caused different opinions between ATC, namely that there needs to be a review of the separation standards available in the SOP due to adding a new apron. Based on Palangka Raya's Standard Operating Procedure (SOP), it is stated that the departing aircraft can be allowed to enter the runway when the aircraft to be landed is at least 25 NM away from the RWY</em> <em>Threshold; however, the distance is calculated from the north apron, which is the old apron from Tjilik Riwut Airport to RWY 34, while currently, Tjilik Riwut Airport has added a new apron, namely the south apron, so it is necessary to review whether the distance of 25 NM can be used as a reference also to put the aircraft on the runway if the aircraft line up from the south apron. In carrying out observations, the author collected data on the movement of aircraft that will depart and land using runway 34. From the observations that have been made, a distance of 25 Nm is still feasible to be used as a standard for inserting aircraft into the runway. With the addition of an apron, the Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) must be reviewed. This study is expected to help Airnav Palangka Raya Branch determine separation standards to allow aircraft to enter the runway. With these separation standards, ATC can realize safe and effective traffic services.</em></p> <p> </p> Inda Tri Pasa Liber Tommy Hutabarat Rizny Restiana Deby Ramadhini Fadril Copyright (c) 2023 Airman: Jurnal Teknik dan Keselamatan Transportasi 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 6 2 153 164 10.46509/ajtk.v6i2.363 Rancang Bangun Building Automation System Mesin Pendingin Ruangan dan Penerangan Terminal Bandar Udara Tunggul Wulung <p><em>In accordance with Minister of Transportation Regulation Number 36 of 2021 concerning Service Standardization For Airport Service Users. As the manager of the Tunggul Wulung airport, the UPT Directorate General of Civil Aviation has to optimize airport facility services, as well as improve flight security and safety. The operational activities of mechanical and electrical equipment at the Tungul Wulung Airport Terminal include lighting, generators, air conditioners (AC), elevators, conveyors, and water pumps. The operation of the equipment is a form of facility service. The lack of electrician personnel, manual control of equipment, and the absence of monitoring of equipment use can result in the ineffectiveness of technician work, and waste of electrical energy and can make equipment work not optimal. To be able to solve these problems can be assisted by designing a Building Automation System (BAS). The controller used is the Mega V2 Slim PLC. This system can help monitor and control mechanical and electrical equipment so that it can work optimally, monitored, coordinated, and efficiently.</em></p> Anjar Indarko Taryana Yayuk Suprihartini Copyright (c) 2023 Airman: Jurnal Teknik dan Keselamatan Transportasi 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 6 2 165 177 10.46509/ajtk.v6i2.368 Relationship Between Age, Work Time, Frame Time with Complaints of Musculoskeletal Disorders in Airport Ground Handling Operator Batam Internasional <p>Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a general category of occupational diseases frequently found among workers. Symptoms associated with musculoskeletal discomfort may manifest in several anatomical structures, such as joints, nerves, muscles, and spine, as a result of performing tasks that deviate from natural ergonomic principles. A correlation has been observed between the level of work intensity performed by an individual and the likelihood of facing musculoskeletal problems. This research aims to determine the relationship between age, length of service, and musculoskeletal problems in ground handling operators at Batam International Airport. This research uses a descriptive-analytical research approach using a cross-sectional research design. This investigation included a group of 24 people, where the REBA measurement methodology was used to assess related factors. The collected data underwent univariate and bivariate analysis, with particular emphasis on the use of the chi-square test. The bivariate test produced statistically significant results for age (p=0.002), years of service (p=0.019), and years of service (p=0.038). The findings of this research show that there is an important correlation between age, length of service, and length of time with the occurrence of musculoskeletal problems among ground handling operators at Batam International Airport. It is expected that ground handling operators can make efforts to prevent musculoskeletal disorders.</p> Ivana Wardani Inda Tri Pasa M. Caesar Akbar Afandi Saputra Donna M.N. Sirait Copyright (c) 2023 Airman: Jurnal Teknik dan Keselamatan Transportasi 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 6 2 178 188 10.46509/ajtk.v6i2.324 Operation of Dynamic Positioning System on PSV Ships. WM Sulawesi while Snatching on the Drillship GSF Explorer <p><em>In supporting the operation of a ship, several navigation equipments are needed for ships to support sailing or navigating. As time goes by, a navigation tool was created; it is called the Dynamic Positioning System (DPS). The DP System is a navigation tool that is very helpful for sailors at this time, especially on supply ships which are very dangerous due to the limited ability of sailors to maintain the ship's position for quite a long time snatching activity. This research aims to find out how to operate the Dynamic Positioning System (DPS), overcome when these tool experiences errors in position indication and the advantages in processing the motion of ships equipped with this tool. This research uses a qualitative approach where the data will be presented using descriptive analysis. The results of this research include: 1) Operation of the Dynamic Positioning System (DPS) can be divided into several stages, they are before turning on the DP System, turning on the DP System, and turning off the DP System; 2) The way to deal with this if the tool experiences an error in indicating the position can be divided into several conditions, it is yellow light alarm (alert status) and red light alarm (emergency status); and 3) The advantages of processing the movement of a ship equipped with this tool include maintaining position and course automatically, excellent maneuverability to easily change position and course, and operating without depending on the depth of the water and the condition of the seabed.</em></p> Muhammad Sapril Siregar Diah Vitaloka Hartati Copyright (c) 2023 Airman: Jurnal Teknik dan Keselamatan Transportasi 2023-12-31 2023-12-31 6 2 189 198 10.46509/ajtk.v6i2.413