Author Guidelines

A. Originality

The submitted articles will be checked using Turnitin, and the result of Turnitin is not more than 25%. Articles that exceed normal similarity limits will need to be revised. If the article that has been published is proven to be plagiarized, the article will be withdrawn [retracted], and a retraction notice will be words/phrases on the article's page in the journal.

B. Article Format

Articles are preferably typed in Word files (Docx) on A4 size paper and should not exceed 10,000 words (minimum 4.500 words). It is recommended to use referencing manager software (i.e., Mendeley, Zotero, or Endnote). Please follow the article template here.

C. Article Structure

1. Title (must be engaging, clear, firm, avoiding report title style)

2. Authors' Names

3.  Authors' Email Addresses

4. Authors' Affiliations

5. Abstract

The abstract contains a brief description of the problem and research objectives, methods used, and the results of the research. The abstract must reflect the content of the article and should be focusing primarily on the research results. The abstract must be written in a single paragraph in English max 300 words.


Keywords need to be included to describe the realm of the issues, and the terms underlying the conduct of research. Keywords can be either single words or combinations of words (phrases). The number of keywords is normally between 3 – 5 words. The keywords are required for computerization. Research and abstract title searches are made easy with these keywords.


The introduction must contain what the authors hoped to achieve and state the problem being investigated. The authors are encouraged to write the background of their articles in four (4) parts.

First, state the empirical or theoretical problem which is the basis of your research. This could be written in one or two paragraphs.

Second, provide recent studies in the area of your focus problem. These studies are needed to establish a state-of-the-art statement of your field of study and to identify the limitations of recent studies. This could be written in two or three paragraphs.

Third, identify the gap between the recent studies and the current empirical and theoretical aspects of your focused study. Normally, the introduction should summarize relevant research to provide context and explain what other authors' findings, if any, are being challenged or extended. This could be written in one or two paragraphs.

Fourth, provide a theoretical basis related to the topics raised in the research.

Fifth, state your research question and research objectives based on the gap analysis presented in the previous paragraph. Furthermore, please state the novelty of your research. This could be written in one paragraph.


In general, this section describes how the study was conducted. The subject matters of this section are: (1) the study design; (2) the sample population or subject of the research; (3) data collection techniques and instrument development; (4) and data analysis techniques. Please use descriptive paragraphs.

You can use these questions as a guideline to write the method: 1) Is the design suitable for answering the question posed? 2) Is there sufficient information present for you to replicate the research? 3) Does the article identify the procedures followed? 4) Are these ordered in a meaningful way? 5) If the methods are new, are they explained in detail? 6) Was the sampling appropriate? 7) Have the equipment and materials been adequately described? 8) Does it clear what type of data was recorded? 9) Have you been precise in describing measurements?

It is important to note that you do not need to use too many formulas or tables unless it is absolutely necessary to be displayed.


This section is the main part of the article. This is where the author/s should explain in words what he/she discovered in the research. It should be clearly laid out and in a logical sequence. The results of the research presented in this section are the result of a clean

process of data analysis such as statistical calculations and testing processes or other processes for the achievement of its research. State the findings of the research concisely. If you want to display a table, use the following format.

Interpretation of results should not be included in this section unless the research required a combination of both findings and discussion in one section

This section is also a major part of the research articles and is also usually the longest part of an article. Discussion of the research presented in this section is the result of the process of data analysis such as statistical calculations or other processes for the achievement of its research. Please present the discussion narratively.

Use these questions as guidelines in formulating your synthesis/discussion: Are the claims in this section supported by the results, do they seem reasonable? 2) Have you indicated how the results relate to expectations and earlier research? 3)Does the article support or contradict previous theories?


This part consists of two (2) sub-parts: the conclusion of the article and suggestions or recommendations from the research. Conclude your article critically and logically based on the research findings. Please be careful in making generalizations of the findings. You should also state your research limitations in these parts. Generally, the conclusion should explain how the research has moved the body of scientific knowledge forward. In your suggestion, please describe your recommendation for further studies regarding your research implication.


State the contributing parties or institutions that help your research. It is important to acknowledge those who help you in funding, or research facilities. If your article has been presented in a seminar or conference, you can also mention the forum in this section.


You are strongly encouraged to use at least 30 references from journal articles. The references, as well as in-text citations, must be written in APA 7th edition format. Please use reference manager software (i.e. Mendeley, Zotero, or Endnote). Otherwise, you need to make sure that each reference is cited properly in the body text, and vice versa.

The sources cited should at least 80% come from those published in the last 10 years. The sources cited are primary sources in the form of journal articles and research reports, including theses and dissertations.

Citations from journals should be at least 80% of the total references cited. Online and traceable sources are preferred. You must provide valid DOIs if the articles have DOIs.

APA Style is used for Airman. Below are the examples taken from Finger Lakes Community College Charles J. Meder Library, State University of New York, New York (2017).

Book with Single Author:

Gire, A. (2006). An inconvenient truth: The planetary emergency of global warming and what
we can do about it. Emmaus, PA: Rodale.
In-text reference: (Gire, 2006)
If you quote directly from an author you need to include the page or paragraph number of
the quote in your in-text reference, for example:
In-text reference: (Gire, 2006, pp. 29-30)

Book with Two Authors: Mike, P. J., & Balling, R. C., Jr. (2000). The satanic gases: Clearing the air about global
warming. Washington, DC: Cato Institute.
In-text reference: (Mike & Balling, 2000)

Book with Editor as Author: Grady. K. E. (Ed.). (2004). Global climate change and wildlife in North America. Bethesda, MD: Wildlife Society.

In-text reference: (Grady, 2004)
Brochure or Pamphlet: New York State Department of Health. (2002). After a sexual assault. [Brochure]. Albany, NY: Art Press.
In-text reference: (New York, 2002)

An Anonymous Book:
Environmental resource handbook. (2001). Millerton, NY: Grey House.
In-text reference: (Environmental Resource Handbook, 2001)

Articles in Reference Books (unsigned and signed): Greenhouse effect. (2005). American heritage science dictionary. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin. Schneider, S. H. (2000). Greenhouse effect. World book encyclopedia (Millennium ed. Vol. 8, pp. 382-383). Chicago, IL: World Book.
In-text references: (Greenhouse effect, 2005)

Magazine Articles: Allen, L. (2004, August). Will Tuvalu disappear beneath the sea? Global warming threatens to swamp a small island nation. Smithsonian, 35(5), pp. 44-52. Begley, S., & Murr, A. (2007, July 2). Which of these is not causing global warming? A. Sport utility vehicles; B. Rice fields; C. Increased solar output. Newsweek, 150(2), pp. 48-50.
In-text references: (Begley, 2007; Murr, 2007)

Newspaper Articles (unsigned and signed): College officials agree to cut greenhouse gases. (2007, June 13). Albany Times Union, p. A4. Landler, M. (2007, June 2). Bush’s Greenhouse Gas Plan Throws Europe Off Guard.
New York Times, p. A7.
In-text references: (“College Officials”, 2007)

Journal Article with Continuous Paging: Miller-Rushing, A. J., Primack, R. B., Primack, D., & Mukunda, S. (2006). Photographs and herbarium specimens as tools to document phonological changes in response to global warming. American Journal of Botany, 93, pp. 1667-1674.
In-text reference: (Miller-Rushing, Primack, Primack, & Mukunda, 2006)

Journal Article when each issue begins with p.1: Bogdonoff, S., & Rubin, J. (2007). The regional greenhouse gas initiative: Taking action in Maine. Environment, 49(2), 9-16.
In-text reference: (Bogdonoff & Rubin, 2007)

Journal Article from a Library Subscription Service Database with a DOI (digital object
identifier): Mora, C., & Maya, M. F. (2006). Effect of the rate of temperature increase of the dynamic method on the heat tolerance of fishes. Journal of Thermal Biology, 31, pp. 337-341. doi: 10.101b/jtherbio.2006.01.055

In-text reference: (Mora & Maya, 2006)

Website: United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2007, May 4). Climate Change. Retrieved From the Environmental Protection Agency website:
In-text reference: (United States Environmental, 2007) Gelspan, R. (2007). The Heat Is Online. Lake Oswego, OR: Green House Network. Retrieved from The Heat Is Online website:
In-text reference: (Gelspan, 2007)

Acknowledgment This APA Style is taken and modified from Finger Lakes Community College Charles J. Meder Library, State University of New York, New York (2017) and American Psychological Association (2017).